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Tanzania is the biggest of the East African countries (i.e. Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania). Has a spectacular landscape of mainly three physiographic regions namely the Islands and the coastal plains to the east; the inland saucer-shaped plateau; and the highlands. The Great Rift Valley that runs from north east of Africa through central Tanzania is another landmark that adds to the scenic view of the country. The rift valley runs to south of Tanzania spliting at Lake Nyasa; one branch runs down beyond Lake Nyasa to Mozambique; and another branch to north-west alongside Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania and western part of Uganda. The valley is dotted with unique lakes which includes Lakes Rukwa, Tanganyika, Nyasa, Kitangiri, Eyasi and Manyara. The uplands includes the famous Kipengere, Udzungwa, Matogoro, Livingstone, and the Fipa plateau forming the southern highlands. The Usambara, Pare, Meru, Kilimanjaro, the Ngorongoro Crater and the Oldonyo Lengai, all form the northern highlands. From these highlands and the central saucer plateau flow the drainage system to the Indian ocean, Atlantic ocean, Mediterranean sea and the inland drainage system.
Tanzania is a land of rare beauty, bordered by shimmering lakes and the Indian Ocean. Although Tanzania is a new nation, it has a rich and ancient past. Fossils found in Olduvai Gorge suggest it was the home of some of the first hominids on the planet. For thousands of years Tanzania was a wealthy trading centre bordering the Indian Ocean; a powerful and great Islamic civilization arose along the coast, and built beautiful stone cities.
Tanzania has a tropical type of climate. In the highlands, temperatures range between 100c and 200c during cold and hot seasons respectively. The rest of the country has temperatures never falling lower than 200c. The hottest period spreads between November and February (250c - 310c) while the coldest period occurs between May and August (150c - 200c).

Two rainfall regimes exist over Tanzania. One is unimodal (December - April) and the other is bimodal (October -December and March - May). The former is experienced in southern, south-west, central and western parts of the country, and the later is found to the north and northern coast.

In the bimodal regime the March - May rains are referred to as the long rains or Masika, whereas the October - December rains are generally known as short rains or Vuli.

Land Coverage
Area:                                        Total 945,000 km2  
Mainland:                                  881,000km2  
Zanzibar:                                  2,000 km2  
Water:                                      62,000 km2  
Forest and woodlands:                        3.350 km2         
Political system:                      Multi party democracy
Population:     
Estimated at 33 million people (2002); 
- about 51% are women; and 
- about 46% are under  age 15.

Poverty:           About 50% of the population is living below the poverty line.
Have your camera ready for new and wonderful creatures appear on your safari adventure!